The first humans to set foot in Los Roques left their tracks in
the beaches possibly 2000 to 3000 years ago, according to
findings discovered on the keys such as the great mounts of
Botuto shells blackened over time and attributed to the activity
of ancient man.
These men did not
know of agriculture nor pottery. Possibly they were hunters and
gatherers who came from the mainland and the islands west of Los
Roques Curacao or Aruba. Apparently they came here for the
catching of Botuto, however little is known about them, their
social organization, spiritual life or fishing practices.
How did they cross
the open sea 160 kilometers from the mainland?
At the beginning of the the second millennium of the Christian
era the first bearers of pottery arrived in the islands. These
were farmers and and fishermen who came from the bays of the
Venezuelan coast, from Boca Tacagua and Ocumare de la Costa
towards the west. These navigators known archaeologically as
Ocumaroids brought with them pottery painted with painted
parallel lines and triangles in red and white besides a great
number of pots and other non decorated pottery.
These peoples chose
as their settlement the small key of Dos Mosquises Norte located
at the south western end of the archipelago. This is the only
Ocumaroid settlement known in the Venezuelan territory. They
would come to this settlement for relatively short periods of
time. They would transport drinking water, pots vegetables beans
and personal jewelry. They also brought small statues made of
clay representing men and women. When they went back to the
mainland they would carry dried Botuto or salted meat, turtles
and fish as well as Botuto Conch.
the year 1300 of our time another group known as the
Valenciaoids arrived in their canoes in Los Roques.
These peoples made a
pretty big settlement in the south of Dos Mosquises. One of the
most outstanding features of these people who came from
settlements around Lake Valencia were the many elaborated small
human ceramic statues. Thousands of these small statues have
been found in and around Lake Valencia in the central part of
Venezuela, and quite a few in the National park of Los Roques.
also map of Los Roques.